- Interdisciplinary. We draw on ideas from economics, history, innovation studies, sociology and urban geography.
- Multi-method. We use qualitative and quantitative techniques ranging from historical and contemporary case studies, surveys, modelling and econometric analysis.
- Practical and relevant. We investigate low-energy innovations relevant to transport, industry, households and non-domestic buildings, and work with stakeholders to better understand their adoption of low-energy innovations.
- Emergence (the mechanisms and processes that provide the conditions for new innovations)
- Diffusion (how innovations move from niche to mainstream and the role that economics, infrastructures, business models, social norms, values, expectations and public policies play in this process)
- Governance and policy (the role that governance plays in the innovation process and how policymakers can best promote radical low-carbon innovation).